✓ Read ↠´ Red Famine: Stalin's War on Ukraine, 1921-1933 by Anne Applebaum ✓ Anne Applebaum s Red Famine is an important history of the Ukraine and USSR by default Applebaum provides meaningful context beginning with the 1917 Ukrainian Revolution, famine of the 1920s, Stalin s agricultural collectivation policies of the late 1920s and early 1930s, and Ukrainian nationalist sentiment and peasant resistance prior to focusing on the terror famine known as the Holodomor occurring between 1932 and 1934 Holodomor is a term derived from two Ukrainian words for hunger and extermination This famine was not created by crop failure or poor weather, it was a man made famine created by Stalin s agricultural policies, grain quotas and associated penalties, including food confiscation inside homes, for not meeting those policies , etc Ukrainian peasants, especially the Kulaks, that exercised resistance, were treated especially harsh At Red Famine Stalin s War on Ukraine by Anne Applebaum is the history of Russian Ukranian relations from 1917 1934 centering on Russian atrocities Applebaum is an American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winning author who has written extensively about communism and the development of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe She is a visiting Professor of Practice at the London School of Economics, where she runs Arena, a project on propaganda and disinformation She has also been an editor at The Economist and The Spectator, and a member of the editorial board of The Washington Post.
The Ukraine is the birth place of the earliest Russian settlements Kiev is called the mother of Russian Cities or a cradle of the Rus The historic flux of borders and conquered lands and peoples had created friction between the various From The Author Of The Pulitzer Prize Winning Gulag And The National Book Award Finalist Iron Curtain, A Revelatory History Of One Of Stalin S Greatest CrimesIn Stalin Launched His Policy Of Agricultural Collectivization In Effect A Second Russian Revolution Which Forced Millions Of Peasants Off Their Land And Onto Collective Farms The Result Was A Catastrophic Famine, The Most Lethal In European History At Least Million People Died Between And In The USSR But Instead Of Sending Relief The Soviet State Made Use Of The Catastrophe To Rid Itself Of A Political Problem In Red Famine, Anne Applebaum Argues That Than Million Of Those Dead Were Ukrainians Who Perished Not Because They Were Accidental Victims Of A Bad Policy But Because The State Deliberately Set Out To Kill ThemApplebaum Proves What Has Long Been Suspected After A Series Of Rebellions Unsettled The Province, Stalin Set Out To Destroy The Ukrainian Peasantry The State Sealed The Republic S Borders And Seized All Available Food Starvation Set In Rapidly, And People Ate Anything Grass, Tree Bark, Dogs, Corpses In Some Cases, They Killed One Another For Food Devastating And Definitive, Red Famine Captures The Horror Of Ordinary People Struggling To Survive Extraordinary Evil In Red Famine, the author, Anne Applebaum, does an extremely good job of explaining just what happened in 1931 34 when an estimated 3.
9 million people starved to death and why Starting with the Russian Civil War that followed World War I, the author looks at the Ukrainian desire for independence and why Ukraine had never been able to obtain that independence She looks at the Bolsheviks strategy to subdue the Ukraine and keep it part of Russia and by extension the USSR While discussing Ukrainian desire for independence, Ms Applebaum also looks at the Ukrainian culture, language and religion She explains just how close the Ukraine came to independence during the civil war She opines if the various independence groups could have cooperated with one another and with the White Russians, there was very could chance inde This book has two interrelated themes Ukraine s path toward independence and the famine that occurred there 1932 1933.
The history of Ukraine and Russia must be viewed together, and so the Bolshevik Revolution, the Civil War that followed, first Lenin s and then Stalin s reign are discussed too The book starts in 1917 and concludes in the present The famine that occurred 1921 1922, and for which international aid was given, came to be followed by the Great Famine of 1932 1933 The latter famine came to be known as the Holodomor This word in translation means to kill by starvation , thus inferring that the famine was not simply due to natural causes but was instead purposefully instigated, an act of genocide led by Stalin In an epilog, the author discusses if the latter famine should be classified as genocide In any case, be that so or not, to The Holodomor Ukrainian derived from , to kill by starvation , also known as the Terror Famine and Famine Genocide in Ukraine, and before the widespread use of the term Holodomor , and sometimes currently also referred to as the Great Famine, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932 33 was a man made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed an officially estimated 7 million to 10 million people It was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932 33, which affected the major grain producing areas of the country wiki sourced Description In 1929 Stalin launched his policy of agricultural collectivization in effect a second Russian revolution which forced millions of peasants off their land and onto collective farms The result was a catastrophic famine, the most lethal in European history At least 5 million people died betwe Anne Appelbaum s Red Famine Stalin s War on Ukraine, 1921 1933 is a dazzling work of synthesis history that addresses much than the Ukrainian Famine of 1932 33 a.
a The Great Famine , a.
a The Holodomor , a.
a The Ukrainian Genocide It also covers the Ukrainian War of Independence 1917 1921 , the resistance of the Ukrainian peasantry to collectivization of agriculture in 1931, the attack on the use of the Ukrainian language and the elimination of the Ukrainian intellectual classes that coincided with the famine, the subsequent purge of the Ukrainian communist party, the cover up that followed and the active assistance of Western journalists in the cover up.
It was Robert Conquest s Harvest of Sorrow published in 1986 that fir
A wrenching and thorough account of the way Stalin created the famine that killed easily 3.
5 million Ukrainians, and maybe far The eyewitness testimonies of the starvation are devastating The last chapter is an especially interesting discussion of where the famine fits in the history of Genocide For anyone interested in the history of the first decades of the Soviet Union, this is a must read.
Although this book is about the Holodomor the word is derived from the Ukrainian words, holod or hunger and mor or extermination or famine of 1932 33, it is actually about much than that It is about the repression of the Ukrainian intellectual and political class, of the Sovietisation of Ukraine, the collectivisation of agriculture and the attempts to wipe out Ukrainian culture and language Ironically, it was the fertile soil and relatively mild climate of Ukraine, which led to them becoming so valuable to the Soviet Union The country had two harvests a year and was responsible for feeding far than their own region The author takes us back to the revolution of 1917 and traces how the period of upheaval saw optimism for Ukraine, but, by 1918, Lenin was making plans to occupy the area In fact, the first half of this h